Early stages of fissures on the feet, particularly the heel, involve the splitting of the skin to produce cracks. It is the hard, callused outer skin layer (epidermis) that cracks. If heel cracks remain untreated, they can progress into fissures, which split the skin at a deeper level (dermis).
Dry skin is the reason most people assume they have cracking heels, but increased weight, diabetes, neuropathy, poor circulation and poor nutrition can also cause poor foot health. Symptoms of heel cracks and fissures vary from mild to severe. The most apparent symptom is cracks in the epidermis of the heels. Other symptoms include:
With proper treatment, heel cracking will not evolve into fissures. Moisturising the feet two times a day will help the cracks in most cases. If the outer skin layer is thick, it will need to be reduced by your Podiatrist. Exercise will improve poor circulation to the feet that can help heal or prevent cracks from reappearing again. If cracks or deep fissures are persistent, a diet lacking proper nutrients may be the culprit. Your podiatrist can identify the cause of the cracks/fissures and provide you with an appropriate treatment plan.
Two weeks with Calcaneal Spur and finally got to see Doc. He sent me to Kevin @ Eleven and with One Appointment, he had me walking without Crutches. Yes! It still hurt. Did the Stretching, Rolling my Foot on a Spikey ball and Iced it occasionally. Return visit, after he had his Holiday, and I' am walking fine. They do NOT want to see me again, unless it deteriorates. Which it has not :-)