Haglund’s deformity is also known as the Bauer Bump, Pump Bump and Retrocalcaneal Bursitis.
Haglund’s deformity is a bony enlargement (bump) at the back of the heel bone. This bump can be present for years without causing any pain or issues. If the soft tissue near where the achilles tendon attaches into the heel becomes irritated, it can lead to a painful bursitis (inflammation of a fluid filled cushion that sits between the achilles tendon and the heel bone to reduce friction).
Irritation can occur from trauma or even just shoes with a firm heel counter. Other factors that may contribute are having tight calf muscles or achilles tendons, a high arched foot, or a foot that rolls inward or outward too much.
The term ‘pump bump’ comes from the regular wear of pump-style shoes by women, which can lead lead to the development of this deformity.
Aside from the enlarged bony prominence at the back of the heel, other symptoms include:
In order to treat the deformity and manage the symptoms long-term, the cause must be identified and addressed. For example, this may be by stretching and strengthening a tight achilles tendon if that is a contributing cause. This means you need to get in to see your Podiatrist for a biomechanical consultation.
If you’re in pain, start with RICE (rest your foot, apply ice to the back of your heel, compress the area, and elevate your foot to draw blood away from the area). Next, examine your footwear. If there are any you believe have contributed to the development of the deformity, put them aside. Also set aside any shoes that feel tight, or have rubbed against your feet. Orthotics may be indicated if the cause of the problem is biomechanical and involves abnormalities in any bones or muscles. Surgery is not often indicated, as there are plenty of conservative options to treat this condition.
To read about Brian’s experience with managing his Haglund’s deformity, click here: Why is my heel pain not like everyone else’s? Brian’s Foot Story
Two weeks with Calcaneal Spur and finally got to see Doc. He sent me to Kevin @ Eleven and with One Appointment, he had me walking without Crutches. Yes! It still hurt. Did the Stretching, Rolling my Foot on a Spikey ball and Iced it occasionally. Return visit, after he had his Holiday, and I' am walking fine. They do NOT want to see me again, unless it deteriorates. Which it has not :-)